The Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferdinand In 1914

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The Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferdinand In 1914



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Franz Ferdinand Assassinated - 1914 - Today In History - 28 June 18

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The Sarajevo incident refers to the events surrounding the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Archduchess Sophie during a state visit to Sarajevo on 28 June It is traditionally regarded as the immediate catalyst for the First World War. Moreover, by the turn of the 20 th century, the province increasingly existed at the heart of a convoluted web of rising geopolitical tensions. The Young Turk Revolution in July subsequently served as the catalyst for direct action by the Monarchy. In March , however, a new target had been chosen: Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este , who would be visiting Bosnia-Herzegovina in June to observe local military manoeuvres. Vitus Vidovdan on 28 June.

The trio subsequently returned to their homeland in May. Franz Ferdinand arrived in Sarajevo on 25 June Reuniting with his wife, Sophie, Archduchess of Austria , the Archduke spent the following two days attending to his official duties as well as sightseeing. On the morning of 28 June , six assassins took up positions on Appel Quey, a narrow boulevard running along the northern bank of the Miljacka River. Ironically, the conspirators had found an unsuspecting ally in the local authorities. Consequently, beyond a light police presence, security arrangements for the procession were notably lax.

The lack of consideration afforded to security having left the vehicle in which the imperial couple travelled, with Potiorek, directly exposed to the unguarded crowds lining the street. In the dry summer heat, however, it proved too shallow and the poison did little more than induce vomiting; the Young Bosnian was taken into custody, prompting his allies to disperse. At the city hall, Potiorek, concerned over the possible damage a major security debacle might cause to his political reputation in Vienna, vetoed any suggestion of mobilizing troops, arguing that the local garrison did not possess appropriate dress uniforms.

Franz Ferdinand however, insisted on visiting the hospital where those injured in the explosion had been taken for treatment. At , the motorcade departed back along Appel Quey with the imperial couple again sharing the same car as Potiorek. As Lojka attempted to reverse back out onto the thoroughfare, the car stalled in front of a popular delicatessen where Princip happened to be loitering.

Drawing his pistol, the assassin fired twice, hitting the Archduke in the throat, and his wife in the abdomen; Princip would later state that Potiorek was the intended second target. By , Ferdinand had also succumbed to his injury. Following the assassinations, anti-Serb demonstrations in Sarajevo, encouraged by Potiorek, quickly devolved into rioting and pogroms while the authorities moved to arrest anyone suspected of aiding the assassins. All three instead received twenty-year prison terms. None would live to see the end of the First World War, with Princip being the last to die from tuberculosis in April Nevertheless, even assessed in isolation from its disastrous implications, the Sarajevo incident stands as a warning on the consequences of social unrest and political alienation.

That morning, June 28, the archduke sent a telegram to his eldest son congratulating him on his latest exam results. He and Sophie then boarded a train for the short ride into Sarajevo. For once, Sophie was permitted to walk alongside Ferdinand during a brief troop inspection, after which the couple got in an open-topped car for a motorcade ride to city hall. The car in front of them was supposed to carry six specially trained officers but instead had only one, plus three local policemen.

In fact, throughout the trip, Austro-Hungarian officials allegedly focused more attention on dinner menus than security details. When the motorcade passed by, its route having been published in advance, Cabrinovic asked which car carried the archduke. He then hurled his bomb at the car, only to watch it bounce off the folded-up roof and roll underneath the wrong vehicle.

The subsequent explosion wounded two army officers and several bystanders but left Ferdinand and Sophie essentially unharmed. Cabrinovic jumped into the mostly dry riverbed and made a half-hearted attempt to kill himself before being apprehended. At least two other Young Bosnians also had good looks at the archduke but apparently lost the nerve to attempt an assassination. Princip taken into custody after shooting Archduke Franz Ferdinand his wife Sophie. Rather than immediately flee Sarajevo, Ferdinand decided to continue on to the planned event at city hall. Upon finishing that up, he insisted on visiting the wounded officers in the hospital.

In order to dissuade any other bomb throwers, the motorcade zipped down the Appel Quay at high speeds. By mistake, however, the first three cars turned onto a side street right where Princip happened to be standing. Within minutes, though, both had passed away. Princip, a slender, year-old Serbian army reject, later admitted to killing Ferdinand but said he had not meant to hit Sophie. Three weeks too young for the death penalty, Princip was given a year sentence, but contracted tuberculosis and died in jail in April , at the age of just First, Austria-Hungary gained German support for punitive action against Serbia.

It then sent Serbia an ultimatum, worded in a way that made acceptance unlikely. By the following week, Germany, Russia, France, Belgium, Montenegro and Great Britain had all been drawn into the conflict, and other countries like the United States would enter later.

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