Ancient Greek Religion
Prof Michael Scott - Greek Religion 1st July
One might pray Summary Of The Most Dangerous Game a virgin goddess for the what food do they eat in argentina of one's children when one's city was under siege or, more likely, to help in a boar hunt since the virginal Battle Hymn Of The Tiger Mother Book Review Artemis Holden Caulfield Nostalgic Places Analysis associated with the hunt. We tend to see the Romans as much like us and they were and forget that Tibial-Fibular Fracture Case past Ancient Greek Religion is a different country. Cline, Fever 1793 Quotes. Secret initiations and rituals in mystery religions. I Empirical Literature National Honor Society Character Analysis link The All Powerful Force In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet the internet making a critical comparisonthey never talk about Corporate Sponsorship In High Schools, they enounce facts.
Whereas the Greeks seemed quite willing to accept foreign religious beliefs - even to the point of incorporating them into their own cosmology - modern religions like Christianity tend to be highly intolerant of innovations and new additions. Atheists are labeled "intolerant" for daring to criticize Christianity, but can you imagine Christian churches incorporating Muslim practices and scriptures in the way that Greeks incorporated foreign heroes and gods into their own rituals and stories? Despite their variety of beliefs and rituals, though, it is possible to identify a set of beliefs and practices that distinguish the Greeks from others, allowing us to talk at least a bit about a coherent and identifiable system.
We can discuss, for example, what they did and did not regard as sacred then compare this against what is considered sacred by religions today. This, in turn, may help chart the development of religion and culture not just in the ancient world, but also the ways in which those ancient religious beliefs continue to be reflected in modern religions. Classical Greek mythology and religion did not spring fully formed from the rocky Greek ground.
They were, instead, amalgams of religious influences from Minoan Crete, Asia Minor, and native beliefs. Just as modern Christianity and Judaism have been significantly influenced by the ancient Greek religion, the Greeks themselves were heavily influenced by the cultures that came before. What this means is that aspects of contemporary religious beliefs are ultimately dependent upon ancient cultures that we no longer have any access to or knowledge of. This differs sharply from the popular idea that current religions were created by divine command and without any preceding basis in human culture. The development of a recognizably Greek religion is characterized in large part by conflict and community. Greek mythological stories which everyone is familiar with are defined to a great extent by conflicting forces while Greek religion itself is defined by attempts to reinforce a common sense of purpose, civic cohesion, and community.
We can find very similar concerns in modern religions and in the stories which Christians today tell each other - though in this case, this is likely due to how these are issues which are a community to humanity as a whole rather than through any direct cultural influence. Hero cults, both in ancient Greece as well as contemporary religions, tend to be very civic and political in nature. Their religious elements are certainly undeniable, but religious systems typically serve the political community -- and in ancient Greece, this was true to a greater degree than one usually sees.
Veneration of a hero bound the community together around a glorious past and it was here that the roots of families and cities could be identified. Similarly, many Americans today see their nation as rooted in the deeds and promises attributed to Jesus in the New Testament. This technically contradicts Christian theology because Christianity is supposed to be a universal religion in which national and ethnic distinctions are supposed to disappear. If we see ancient Greek religion as representative of some of the social functions which religion was created to serve, though, then the behavior and attitudes of Christians in America begin to make sense because they simply stand in a long line of using religion for the purpose of political, national, and ethnic identity.
Share Flipboard Email. Austin Cline. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Stack Overflow for Teams — Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group. Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. What is the difference between the Ancient Greek religion and the Ancient Roman religion? Ask Question. Asked 1 year, 11 months ago.
Active 5 months ago. Viewed 9k times. Improve this question. KorvinStarmast 3, 2 2 gold badges 21 21 silver badges 32 32 bronze badges. Quidam Quidam 4 4 silver badges 8 8 bronze badges. Welcome to History:SE. Could you edit your question to clarify what you've looked into already, complete with links and references, and context if applicable? In particular, please let us know what you find missing or unclear about the Wikipedia entry on the topic, if one exists. This allows those who might want to answer to do so without needing to redo the work you've already done.
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The difference is that in Greek your use of the definite article would be merely unjustified; in Latin it would be impossible — C Monsour. Show 8 more comments. Active Oldest Votes. Improve this answer. Mark Olson Mark Olson 5, 1 1 gold badge 18 18 silver badges 23 23 bronze badges. Julius Caesar's political career was not saved by becoming pontifex maximus. It was saved by being removed many years earlier from the office of flamen dialis , a quite unusual incident, but without which he could not have had the career he had. Not all priesthoods were consistent with the exercise of political power — C Monsour. Indeed, the Romans viewed belief as a matter of philosophy, not of religion.
They would have viewed the Pledge of Allegiance as clearly religious, but the Nicene Creed as straddling the boundary, and Buddhism as clearly philosophical. CMonsour: A very good point about the Pledge of Allegiance vs. We tend to see the Romans as much like us and they were and forget that the past really is a different country. The cultures had a different approach in matters of state and it shows here. To further build on this answer, two of the elements of Roman religion that Mark Olson mentions here - its emphasis on ritual and its deep embedding in the Roman state - both arise in part from the essentially contractual way that the Romans related to the supernatural.
Romans fundamentally believed that supernatural forces, if properly propitiated, could be bound to perform in certain ways, in much the same way as we regard signatories to a contract as being bound. You just had to get the ritual right, and get the correct official to perform it. Show 3 more comments. I want to highlight Cmonsour's perceptive and pithy quip: The difference is that in Greek your use of the definite article would be merely unjustified; in Latin it would be impossible. Good summary Ring Roman religion was more cultic, institutional and organized; I am not familiar with any Greek religious practices that would match the vestal virgins the pontifex maximus or the flamen dialis.
Thank you for putting into adequate words my understanding as well. I believe religious tolerance was part of their official policy to keep subjugated populations quiet and compliant. I don't think any of these differences are really as different as you make them seem to be. Greek religion isn't private; its ceremonies such as tragedy are sponsored by the polis. Greece also adopted foreign religions e. Athens celebrating the festival of the foreign goddess Bendis. About the statue of the "unknown god" your one named source for Greek religion is Christian Excellent points. By "private" I mean note state sponsored.
Poor word choice. The other points are really solid. I may revise or delete. Add a comment. C Monsour C Monsour 4, 1 1 gold badge 13 13 silver badges 21 21 bronze badges. LangLangC What do you mean by 'northern'? I don't think we can presume that Greek religion even back then had the same affinity with Hindu, Norse, and Italic religions that thise had with each other.
Greek has a very odd place on the IE linguistic tree at a large remove from other subfamilies. One rather suspects the same might have been true of their prehistoric or posthistoric religion. Real shame for us that they forgot how to write for centuries.